OSA is the most common type of sleep apnea in elderly and obese population
It is characterized by repetitive pauses in breathing during sleep despite the effort to breathe. Sleep apnea is potentially a life-threatening sleep disorder in which tissues in the throat collapses and block the airway. Brain forces the sleep-awake cycle enough to cough or gulp air and open the trachea and this whole cycle starts all over again in the next episode.
There are pauses in breathing during sleep can contribute to severe fatigue during the day and make it difficult to perform tasks that require alertness. Individuals will have reduction in blood oxygen saturation
Hypertension is almost always present in individual with OSA.
Advice the patient to avoid alcohol and smoking, and lose weight in obese individuals.
Continuous positive airway pressure is use for moderate to severe apnea or if the above management fails.
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