JVP is a measurement of right atrial pressure. Certain feature of JVP that helps to distinguish it from carotid pulse is that the JVP are:
Kussmaul's sign: This sign describes a paradoxical rise in JVP during inspiration and is seen in constrictive pericarditis.
Murmurs are pathologic heart sounds that are produced due to turbulent blood flow in the heart that is sufficient to produce audible noise.
Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
Atrial Septal Defect/Patent Foramen Ovale
Ventricular Septal Defect
Flow murmur (Innocent murmur)
CONTINUOUS AND COMBINED SYSTOLIC/DIASTOLIC
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Severe Coarctation of Aorta
Acute Aortic Regurgitation